How to Avoid Tourism Sickness
Getting sick is a normal part of life, and being on the road does not exempt you from it, particularly because travel exposes you to a whole different set of viruses, parasites, and ecosystems. A growing number of people are traveling around the globe. Any traveler is vulnerable to virtually all infectious threats that can arise during his journey. Water content, temperature, and high humidity, as well as susceptibility to multi-resistant microorganisms, are all potential risk factors. Nobody wants to get sick whilst on the road. Contaminated water should be a top priority for any tourist who does not want to miss out on holiday days due to sickness. Water-borne diseases such as cholera, Hepatitis A, and typhoid are but a few examples of those afflicting areas of developing countries. The truth is that the more you fly, the more likely you are to pick up a bug or two. The trick to reducing the likelihood of this is to consciously tackle the risk factors that lead to illness in the first place. The last thing you want to do is put yourself in far more danger than necessary. Prevention is far superior to treatment.
8 Ways to Prevent Sickness or Injury during Travel
You want to be able to enjoy your trip until it has begun! Getting sick or wounded will easily put the brakes on your enjoyment. Follow these travel guides to keep your trip on track.
- Be Considerate Of Other People’s Health
- Hand washing is one of the most effective ways to keep yourself and your family safe.
- If soap and water are not available, use a hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol to disinfect your hands.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or lips. Make sure your hands are washed if you need to brush your skin.
- When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a towel or your sleeve (not your hands).
- Avoid contact with sick people, and if you are sick, stay at home or in your hotel room until you need medical attention.
- Road Accidents
Accidents remain the leading cause of injuries and death while driving in the United States.
- Do wear a seat belt, and never ride in a car that does not have one.
- Hire a nearby driver if possible. Inquire at your hotel about a reliable driver or taxi service.
- Never drink and drive.
- Avoid taking overcrowded buses or minibuses.
- Driving at night can be avoided.
- Choose to fly with someone rather than alone.
- Prevent Bug Bites
Insects, bugs, cockroaches, and even flies can spread diseases and illnesses, chicken pox, Zika, dengue, dengue fever, and Lyme disease, both of which can have severe and long-term consequences.
- Before going outside, wear long-sleeved tops and long trousers.
- For further safety, spray clothes with permethrin or another EPA-registered insecticide.
- Do not apply permethrin to the face. Stay in well-screened or air-conditioned hotels or resorts if possible.
- Avoid Infections
Infections, such as infectious hepatitis and HIV, are distributed by blood or bodily fluids.
- Avoid physical contact with sick people at all costs.
- In a daily basis, rinse your thoroughly with soap and warm. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with a concentration of 60% or more.
- Avoid having tattoos or piercings while traveling. If they do obtain them, make certain that the hospital is not reusing needles.
- Food And Drinking Water Safety
- Eat only freshly cooked and hot food.
- If you can’t wash or cut your own vegetables or fruits, don’t eat them.
- Only drink filtered, sealed drinks, and skip ice, which was most certainly made from tap water.
- Be Safe Around Animals
- Avoid being attacked by animals by not touching or petting them, including dogs and cats.
- If you are bitten, scratched, or licked, wash the affected area quickly with soap and water
- Call the doctor to see if you need medication or rabies post-exposure injections, or if you need to renew your tetanus vaccine.
- Sun Safety
- Use sunscreen that shields you from both Ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
- Always apply sunscreen BEFORE applying insect repellent.
- Physical Safety
- Obey all state rules and customs.
- Keep alcohol consumption to a minimum.
- When participating in adventure events, wear reflective clothing (helmets for biking, rappelling, etc.)
Common Health Disease Risks of Travelers
Travelers’ health risk factors include modes of transportation, nutritional and living environments, climatic conditions, natural or man-made events, and, ultimately, individual travel patterns. The most prominent issue is the comparatively high number of casualties. Accidents rate first in the list of common travelers’ health issues due to exposure to unknown environmental factors, loss of concentration, and inadequate knowledge. Many infectious diseases are linked to consuming tainted food and drink. Diseases such as Brucellosis, Cholera, Listeriosis, Leptospirosis, Typhoid Fever, and Hepatitis A and E are closely linked to food and water intake. It is estimated that more than 40% of passengers will develop “traveler’s diarrhea.” This is a minor self-limiting illness that lasts fewer than five days and is caused by bacterial infection and parasites, with E.Coli being the most common cause.
Diseases that arise as a result of skin incisions are very important in terms of public health. Malaria is a deadly infectious disease that is a leading cause of death worldwide. Per year, one in every 300 million people sick with malaria dies. Malaria cases among travelers are expected to be 30,000 a year. Most cases of malaria are transmitted by mosquito bites and Plasmodium Malaria infection. High fever, headaches, diarrhea, stomach pain, or cough are some of the clinical effects. Furthermore, sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS, Hepatitis B and C can be transmitted by physical intercourse, the use of no sterile implants, tattooing, acupuncture, and the wearing of earrings, among other things. Additionally, infections such as Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), and Herpes Genital may be spread sexually.
Since travel medical services are continuously expanding, the number of people who use them is projected to grow. Individual interventions and contributions to public health make the problem a high priority in both medical and nursing research. The value of careful planning prior to travel necessitates being properly briefed by specialized healthcare providers, as well as receiving necessary vaccines and medicines.