Adventure of Tourism Hiking
Adventure tourism is described as the movement of people from one location to another that is outside of their comfort zone for the purpose of exploration or travel to distant, exotic, and potentially hostile areas. Adventure tourism is a type of tourism in which visitors participate in adventurous activities such as skydiving, mountain climbing, scuba diving, and hiking.
Understanding the concept of Hiking
Hiking tourism is regarded as a special interest tourism and a growth challenge for local communities. This activity has evolved from a leisure activity to a tourism activity in recent decades, capable of producing economic benefits locally and contributing to the establishment of tourists, job creation for rural diversification, urban regeneration, and environmental preservation. Hiking is a popular recreational activity that has a positive impact on health and well-being and is a key tourism product worldwide. Hiking and related activities such as walking, long-distance hiking, and mountaineering are available at many destinations and institutions. . In addition to the health benefits of outdoor activities like hiking, the UNWTO emphasized its contribution to “better engage with local people, nature, and culture.” Hiking is a special product in terms of destination management because it benefits rural development by allowing all-year-round tourism and, as a result, helps to alleviate off-peak seasons. Furthermore, as a tourism activity, hiking has a lower environmental effect than other intrusive activities.
Relationship between Motivation and Hiking Satisfaction
Motivation is an important notion in tourism and leisure studies because it explains why people go on vacation or engage in vacation activities. The push and pull theory, which investigates internal and external motivation, has been widely used in the tourism and recreation field, building on a long-standing tradition of motivation research in the field. Another starting point is the expectancy theory, which focuses on the process of motivation and seeks to explain how individuals choose between different behavioral choices. This theory’s foundations are established by anxiety, instrumentality, and valence, which results in motivational force. Previous research summarized that expectancy refers to the expectation that effort will result in a good performance, and instrumentality refers to the greater the effort, the more likely the outcome will be achieved. Finally, it summarizes that valence captures the value assigned to rewards. Management Implications
When nature-based tourism reaches highly vulnerable settings, effective monitoring approaches become even more critical. Such is the case on hiking trails in Iceland’s highlands, where the research discovered the following:
- The condition of hiking trails is critical for understanding the primary causes of trail degradation in Iceland’s highlands. A whole trail system can be conveniently and cost-effectively tracked and modifications documented by implementing a visual field assessment with a condition scale based on a simpler classification system.
- Steep slopes should be avoided when designing new trails because trampling readily intensifies and adds to soil instability and erosion.
- Trails in flat areas should be constructed so that hikers do not easily walk off the trails, increasing the area of their influence. The number of users, unavoidably, adds the most to trail erosion. As a result, the flow and number of visitors should be limited in the most vulnerable regions of the Highlands.
Impact of Hiking on Trails and Environment
Walking vacations are often promoted as a low-impact, environmentally responsible form of recreation and tourism. Anyone who has walked a popular hiking trail in a mountain area, on the other hand, can see the damage that can be caused by a large number of walkers in a vulnerable environment. A vast number of papers in the database explore the environmental impact of activities such as hiking, camping, and mountain biking, and the most recent paper to be added to the database this week is one by Mende and Newsome that looks at the analysis and tracking of trail decay. Aside from the impacts on vegetation and hiker pleasure along a trail, erosion caused by hiking can cause a visual scar on the landscape that is an eyesore even for those watching from miles away. In such situations, remedial measures may include the construction of artificial surfaces, the addition of drainage ditches and features to prevent water from running down the trail and causing further erosion, or the closure of the route and the construction of less visually obtrusive alternatives.
Benefits of Hiking
- It improves blood circulation in the body, which improves cardiovascular and overall body health.
- Hiking is a great activity for people who are trying to lose weight.
- Hiking can burn up to 300 calories per hour, depending on the intensity.
- It has a major effect on mental health. When you go hiking, you leave your busy work life behind and go explore nature. You will be able to think clearly, breathe fresh air, strengthen your moods, and lessen your stress levels while you are here. More information is available on this page.
- If you find yourself spending a lot of time alone indoors, try hiking with a friend or family member. You’ll also encounter strangers along the way, with whom you’ll communicate and form strong bonds.
- Depending on the weight of the load, hiking can help improve overall body fitness. It improves a person’s balance, coordination, and flexibility by strengthening the body’s muscles and core.
- It aids in the treatment of health issues such as obesity, heart disease, high cholesterol levels, and excess body fat.
Disadvantages of Hiking
- This activity is hampered by inclement weather. You cannot organize a successful hike if it is raining heavily.
- It raises a number of safety issues, such as slipping and falling, particularly if you’re hiking on dangerous trails.
- Hiking at high altitudes can cause nausea, fatigue, a mild headache, and lightheadedness.
- Hiking is a physically demanding activity, and you may experience muscle soreness for a period of time.
If you’re going on a hike, make sure you have everything you need, including a first-aid kit, GPS, warm clothing, sunscreen, and a phone. Don’t forget to bring some food and drink with you. In addition, never hike alone; always go with friends or family. This way, if anything goes wrong, you’ll have people to turn to for help. Furthermore, taking into account hikers’ individual experience levels in the regression model revealed that less experienced hikers tend to achieve less satisfactory results.